The following was written by Thera-Band Academy commenting on abstract from University of Sao Paulo, Brazil in the Am J Phys Med Rehabilitation July 2010 on "Postural Control in Elderly Persons with Osteoporosis.."
"Osteoporosis affects 10 million Americans and is characterized by low bone density. Persons with low bone density are at higher risk of fractures after a fall. The National Osteoporosis Foundation recommends balance training as part of an exercise program for persons with osteoporosis.Researchers in Brazil evaluated the effectiveness of an eight week exercise program on balance and strength in women with osteoporosis. 33 subjects were randomly assigned to either the exercise or control group. All subjects were tested before and after the program for isokinetic leg strength and postural stability using a Neurocom Balance Master.
The exercise group performed a 10-minute warm-up followed by 20 minutes of balance training and 30 minutes of lower extremity strengthening exercises using ankle cuff weights and elastic bands.
After the 8-week program, the exercising group significantly improved their balance and leg strength compared to the control group. Adherence was excellent at 82%. While these results are promising, a longer term follow-up would be valuable in evaluating the program’s effectiveness at preventing falls and fractures.
An exercise program utilizing Thera-Band® resistance bands and ankle and wrist weights can be effective at improving risk factors associated with falls in osteoporotic women.
REFERENCE: Burke TN, et al. Postural control in elderly persons with osteoporosis: Efficacy of an intervention program to improve balance and muscle strength: a randomized controlled trial. Am J Phys Med Rehabil. 2010 Jul;89(7):549-56."
Here is part of an article written by James Waslaski, founder of Integrated Structure Orthopedic Massage & Pain Management. The article was published in the Jan/Feb 2004 FCA Journal; CAM Magazine (England) March/April 2004; and Massage Message (FSMTA) Spring/2004. I have just completed his Intensive course and look forward to using it to assist with so many seemingly "hopeless" orthopedic structural conditions.
"In 1998 I had the opportunity to teach at the Olympic Training Center in Australiaabout the vital role of orthopedic massage for Olympic caliber athletes. I was delighted to find that the entire staff at the Olympic Training Center attended my workshop with open minds. We were surrounded by physiotherapists, orthopedic physicians, osteopaths, chiropractors, sports psychologists, nutritionists, and sports massage therapists. Much to my delight they all left their credentials out the door and came together with the best interest of the athlete in mind. The entire staff had frequently met to teach each other how to best integrate all the varying disciplines, in order to optimize athletic performance, and how to best prevent and rehabilitate sports injuries. This was quite unlike what I had experienced throughout the United States where it was not uncommon to experience "turf wars" between various medical experts as a result of egos, differences in training, and competition to work with world class athletes. This began my passionate journey to go back to other countries and try to blend as many disciplines as possible to build a large tool box and enhance everyone's ability to treat complicated sports injury conditions.
In this desperate journey to build a large tool box, I was fortunate to have many mentors including chiropractors from Florida, osteopaths from Scotland, leading physiotherapists from Australia, top sports massage therapists from the United States, sports psychologists, orthopedic surgeons, and many other experts in the field of chronic pain and sports injuries. However, many of these experts had a major difference of opinion on how to best treat complicated sports injuries, which often allowed the athlete to slip through the cracks and stay injured in our traditional sports medicine system. Through my own frustration I have found a way to blend as many disciplines as possible and build a great referral team of open minded medical experts that have the client's best interest in mind.
In this particular article I intend to talk about two of the pieces I was able to add to the tool box of all medical experts in order to treat conditions that often fall through the cracks in our current sports medicine system. After years of being challenged on my sometimes controversial opinions, my trademarks seem to be a unique technique to immediately release complicated frozen shoulders and hip capsules, and the highly controversial use of hot and cold therapies.
Through feedback from around the world, and an intense self study of anatomy and pathology, I was able to discover the missing link for immediate release of complicated frozen shoulders and this work was adapted to releasing frozen hip joints. After being challenged with many clients with difficult frozen shoulders, also termed adhesive capsulitis, I was viewing the human dissection tapes by Lippincot, Williams and Wilkens and observed that at the articulating cartilage of ball and socket joints was a thick layer of fascia. Due to repetitive movements in the shoulder and hip joints certain muscle groups become strong and short while opposing muscle groups become overstretched and weak. This tension and imbalance around the joints sets up a neuromuscular response attempting to restore balance, but also creates tension in the joint. This eventually leads not only to joint degeneration and resulting arthritis as the cartilage wears down, but also the resultant discomfort limits range of motion causing a formation of adhesions in the joint capsule itself. The articulating fascia acts as superglue and literally glues the humerus to the scapula or the head of the femur to the ilium. Repeated forceful movements to free up the glued joint lays down fibroblasts and progressively deeper adhesions until there is a bone on bone end feel to the ball and socket joint.
The deep fascial adhesions however can be melted much like you would melt jello. In almost a miraculous discovery I was able to use the head of the humerus in the shoulder to melt the fascia (or superglue) using very gentle movements. Theory has it that heat, pressure, and gentle stretch facilitates myofascial warming and myofascial release. But the muscles would rebel by tightening around the joint if even mild discomfort was created during the technique. Therefore we need to do a dance between muscle imbalances, joint capsule melting and pain free release of sprains and strains around the shoulder and hip joints. Over the past five years we have been able to release thousands of complicated frozen shoulders in literally one session. Most of our clients have undergone intense physical therapy for at least one year with little benefit to the adhesion inside the capsule. Some clients were actually on a program to strengthen the already tight muscles further restricting movement in the joint. Other clients were actually scheduled for what I classify as a "barbaric" surgical release where they put you under anesthesia and actually rip the capsule free tearing all the surrounding supportive structures in the process. I have seen many of these patients post-surgically and their condition is actually worse following this procedure as a result of all the scar tissue from this overly aggressive technique.
I have also found that one of the leading causes of SI joint pain is because of adhesions in the ball and socket joint of the hip capsule. At about 10 degrees of hip extension the ilium is forced into flexion on the involved side because the femur is superglued into the socket. This puts stress on the SI joint and results in sprains and strains in that area. In this case adjustments will not have any type of lasting effect. Yet the simple addition by chiropractors and osteopaths in releasing the joint capsule will eliminate the underlying cause of the SI joint dysfunction immediately, and when the muscle groups around the hip are balanced back out the patient will remain pain free. In my practice, I have found joint capsule adhesions in over 50% of my patients with low back pain including young children."